Tilapia Farming

tilapia farming

Tilapia Farming

A Comprehensive Guide for Small Scale Tilapia Farms

Commercial tilapia farming is a lucrative industry that involves the breeding and raising of tilapia fish for sale in the market. The demand for tilapia fish has increased due to its mild taste, low cost, and high nutritional value. Tilapia farming can be done in various ways, including pond culture, cage culture, and recirculating aquaculture systems (RAS).

Successful commercial tilapia farming requires proper management of water quality, feeding, stocking density, and disease control to ensure optimal growth and health of the fish. 

Water quality is a critical factor in tilapia farming as it affects the growth rate and survival of the fish. Proper feeding practices are also essential as they provide adequate nutrients required for growth.

Stocking density refers to the number of fish stocked per unit area or volume of water. Overcrowding can lead to poor water quality and increased stress levels among the fish. Disease control is also crucial in commercial tilapia farming as it can cause significant losses if not managed properly.

Tilapia farming offers an opportunity to cultivate a sustainable and diabetic-friendly protein source. If you want to learn more about the suitability of tilapia for diabetics, our dedicated post on this topic provides valuable information.

The Basics of Tilapia Farming: Water Quality, Temperature, and Oxygen

Water quality is crucial in tilapia farming, and it is important to maintain clean water with the right water parameters such as pH, ammonia, and nitrites. The ideal pH range for tilapia farming is between 6.5-8.0, and it is essential to monitor the pH levels regularly to ensure that they remain within this range. Ammonia and nitrite are two toxic compounds that can accumulate in pond water due to fish waste and uneaten feed. High levels of these compounds can cause stress, disease, and mortality in fish.

To prevent ammonia and nitrite buildup, it is important to maintain good water quality by performing regular water changes and ensuring proper filtration. Additionally, adding beneficial bacteria supplements to the pond can help break down organic matter and reduce ammonia levels.

Temperature also plays a significant role in tilapia farming, as it affects the growth rate and metabolism of the fish. The ideal H2O temperature for tilapia is between 82-86°F (28-30°C). At this temperature range, tilapia can grow quickly and efficiently convert feed into body mass.

However, if the temperature drops below 68°F (20°C), the metabolism of the fish slows down significantly, leading to reduced growth rates and increased susceptibility to disease. On the other hand, if the water temperature exceeds 90°F (32°C), oxygen levels may decrease rapidly due to increased metabolic activity of both fish and microorganisms present in pond water.

Oxygen is essential for the survival of tilapia farming, as they require dissolved oxygen content in their environment for respiration. It is important to maintain adequate dissolved oxygen content in the water by ensuring proper aeration through surface aeration or diffused aeration systems.

Surface aeration involves agitating pond surfaces using fountains or paddle-wheels that create splashing or waves on top of existing water bodies. This process helps increase oxygen gas exchange at the water surface by facilitating the transfer of oxygen from the air to the water.

Water flow can also help increase oxygen gas exchange at the water surface and maintain dissolved oxygen levels. By creating a current or flow in pond water, more oxygen-rich water is brought into contact with fish gills, allowing them to extract oxygen more efficiently.

Pressure and surface tension can affect the ability of water molecules to absorb oxygen, so it is important to ensure proper aeration and water flow to maximize gas exchange and oxygen absorption in pond water. Additionally, monitoring dissolved oxygen levels regularly using an electronic meter or probe can help ensure that adequate levels are maintained for healthy tilapia growth.

The Five Essential Needs of Tilapia: Food, Light, and Room to Swim

Tilapia, a freshwater fish species, have become increasingly popular in aquaculture due to their fast growth rate and hardiness. However, tilapia require specific environmental conditions and care to ensure their survival and optimal growth. This section will discuss the five essential needs of tilapia: food, light, room to swim, suitable surfaces for reproduction, and proper filtration.

Food is one of the most critical factors in tilapia survival and growth. Tilapia are omnivorous fish that require a balanced diet of plant- and animal-based foods. 

A lack of proper nutrition can lead to stunted growth or even death. It is recommended that Growers provide high-quality commercial feed formulated specifically for tilapia as it contains all the necessary nutrients required for their healthy development.

tilapia fish farmingAdequate lighting is crucial for tilapia’s maintenance of circadian rhythm and overall health. The amount of light needed depends on the tank size or pond where they are kept. Generally speaking, 12 hours of light per day is sufficient for most systems. Growers can use natural sunlight or artificial lighting sources such as LED lights or heating elements to provide adequate lighting.

Tilapia require enough room to swim freely; overcrowding can cause stress and disease outbreaks. The general rule is that each adult tilapia requires at least ten gallons of water per individual fish in an indoor system or two cubic feet per individual fish in an outdoor system. Growers must monitor the number of fish they keep in a particular area carefully.

Female tilapias need suitable surfaces such as tubes or other structures to lay their eggs on for successful reproduction. These structures should be made from materials that do not harm the fish but allow them to deposit their eggs safely without being eaten by other fishes in the tank/pond.

Proper filtration and removal of uneaten food and fish waste (such as poop and solids) are essential to maintain water quality and prevent outbreaks. Tilapia excrete a lot of waste, and if left unattended, it can lead to the buildup of harmful molecules in the water that can affect the fish’s immune system. Growers should use filtration systems such as drums or other mechanical filters to remove uneaten food and solid waste from the water.


Advantages of farming Different Types of Tilapia for Aquaponics

Different types of tilapia have varying growth rates, making it possible to stagger harvests and maintain a consistent supply of fish in aquaponic systems. By raising multiple types of tilapia, aquaponics practitioners can take advantage of each strain’s unique characteristics, such as tolerance for different water temperatures or pH levels. In this section, we will discuss the advantages of farming different types of tilapia for aquaponics.

One significant advantage is that some tilapia strains are more disease-resistant than others. This reduces the risk of illness in the system and minimizes the need for chemical treatments. For example, Mozambique Tilapia is known to be highly resistant to diseases such as Streptococcus agalactiae and Aeromonas hydrophila. Gray Tilapia, on the other hand, is susceptible to these diseases but has a higher growth rate than Mozambique Tilapia. Therefore, by combining both strains in an aquaponic system, raisers can benefit from both their strengths.

Another advantage is that different types of tilapia have varying growth rates. raisers can use this to their advantage by staggering harvests and maintaining a consistent supply of fish in their aquaponic systems throughout the year. For instance, Blue Tilapia has a slower growth rate compared to Nile Tilapia but can tolerate colder water temperatures better than its counterpart. By combining both strains in an aquaponic system and adjusting water temperature accordingly, farmers can ensure a steady supply of fish all year round.

Furthermore, by raising multiple types of tilapia with different characteristics in one system, raisers can create a more resilient ecosystem that is less vulnerable to environmental changes or fluctuations in water quality. For example, Red Tilapia has been found to be more tolerant towards high salinity levels than other strains like Nile Tilapia or Mozambique Tilapia. By including Red Tilapias into an aquaponic system located near coastal areas where saltwater intrusion is a common problem, growers can ensure that their fish will thrive despite the challenging environment.

In addition to the above benefits, raising different types of tilapia in a system can also help growers optimize their resources. For example, some strains like Blue Tilapia are known for being efficient at converting feed into flesh. This means that cultivators can produce more fish with less feed compared to other strains. By combining this strain with another type of tilapia that has a higher growth rate, cultivators can maximize their production while minimizing their costs.

Moreover, by raising multiple types of tilapia in one system, growers can take advantage of each strain’s unique characteristics and adaptability to different environmental conditions. For instance, Mozambique Tilapia is known for its ability to tolerate low oxygen levels and high ammonia concentrations in water. By including this strain in an aquaponic system located in areas where water quality is poor or fluctuates frequently, raisers can ensure that their fish will survive and thrive despite the unfavorable conditions.

Another benefit of farming different types of tilapia in an aquaponic system is that it allows for greater flexibility texture, coloration, and size. By producing multiple types of tilapia simultaneously, raisers can cater to a wider range of customers with different preferences and demands.

tilapia farm

Optimal Temperature for Tilapia Farming

Tilapia farming is a popular and lucrative business in many parts of the world. However, it requires specific conditions to ensure optimal growth and survival of the fish. One of the most critical factors that affect tilapia farming is temperature. In this section, we will discuss the ideal temperature range for tilapia farming, the effects of temperature fluctuations on tilapia, and how to maintain optimal water temperature in your tilapia farm.

Ideal Temperature Range for Tilapia Farming

The ideal temperature range for tilapia farming is between 28 to 30 degrees Celsius (82-86°F). This temperature range provides the best conditions for optimal growth and survival of tilapia. At this temperature range, tilapia can efficiently convert feed into body mass, resulting in faster growth rates.

Moreover, temperatures within this range also promote good health and disease resistance in tilapia. They are less susceptible to diseases such as bacterial infections or parasitic infestations when they are kept at an optimal temperature.

Effects of Temperature Fluctuations on Tilapia

Temperature fluctuations outside of the ideal range can cause stress, disease, and even death in tilapia. When temperatures drop below 20°C (68°F), their metabolism slows down significantly, leading to reduced growth rates and increased susceptibility to diseases.

On the other hand, water temperatures above 34°C (93°F) can lead to oxygen depletion in water bodies due to increased metabolic activity by fish. This condition can cause suffocation or death in fish due to lack of oxygen.

In addition to these dangers, rapid changes in water temperatures can also be harmful to fish. Sudden drops or rises in water temperatures can cause thermal shock that stresses out fish leading them vulnerable to infections or parasites.


Maintaining Optimal Water Temperature

To maintain optimal water temperature levels for your tilapias you need a reliable thermometer which you should check regularly throughout each day; especially during the hot summer months. You should also keep an eye on weather forecasts and adjust your water temperature accordingly.

To maintain a steady temperature, you can use heating or cooling systems in your tilapia farm. For example, if the water temperature is too low, you can use a heater to increase it gradually until it reaches the ideal range. Similarly, if the temperature is too high, you can use a chiller or air conditioning unit to cool down the water.

Another way of maintaining optimal water temperature is by using shade nets or covers to protect your fish ponds from direct sunlight during hot days. This reduces heat absorption and helps to maintain cooler temperatures in your ponds.

Feeding Tilapia: What You Need to Know

Tilapia are omnivorous fish that can be raised on a variety of feeds, including commercial pellets, vegetable matter, and insects. Feeding tilapia should be done in a regulated manner to avoid overfeeding, which can lead to poor water quality and disease outbreaks. The nutritional requirements of tilapia change as they grow, so it’s important to adjust their diet accordingly to ensure optimal growth and health.

Commercial Pellets for Tilapia

One of the most common feeds for tilapia is commercial pellets. These pellets are formulated with specific ingredients that meet the nutritional needs of the fish at different stages of growth. Commercial pellets are available in different sizes and formulations depending on the size and age of the fish being fed.

When feeding tilapia with commercial pellets, it’s important not to overfeed them. Overfeeding can lead to poor water quality due to excess nutrients in the water from uneaten food. This can cause an increase in ammonia levels in the water, which can be harmful or even fatal for your fish.

Vegetable Matter for Tilapia

Tilapia also feed on vegetable matter such as algae, duckweed, and other aquatic plants. These types of feeds are rich in vitamins and minerals that help maintain good health for your fish.

Feeding your tilapia with vegetable matter is relatively inexpensive compared to commercial pellets. However, it’s important not to rely solely on this type of feed as it may not provide all the necessary nutrients required by your fish.

Insects for Tilapia

Another option for feeding tilapia is insects such as crickets or mealworms. Insects are high in protein and other essential nutrients that promote healthy growth and development in your fish.

Feeding insects to your tilapia will require additional effort compared to using commercial pellets or vegetable matter. However, if you have access to a reliable source of insects or if you’re willing to breed your own, this can be a cost-effective and nutritious option for feeding your fish.

Regulating Feeding

It’s important to regulate the amount of feed given to your tilapia. Overfeeding can lead to poor water quality, which can cause disease outbreaks and even death in your fish.

The amount of feed required by your tilapia will depend on their age and size. As a general rule, you should feed them twice a day with an amount that they can consume within 10-15 minutes. If there is uneaten food after this time, it’s best to remove it from the tank.

Adjusting Diet According to Growth Stage

The nutritional requirements of tilapia change as they grow. It’s important to adjust their diet accordingly to ensure optimal growth and health.

Younger tilapia require more protein in their diet compared to older fish. Commercial pellets formulated for younger fish typically contain higher levels of protein than those formulated for older fish.

As tilapia grow larger, they require less protein in their diet and more carbohydrates. This is because larger fish have slower metabolic rates compared to smaller ones.

Setting Up Your Small-Scale Tilapia Farm

Determine the Farming Situation

The first thing you need to do is determine your farming situation. You need to decide whether you want to set up a backyard tilapia farm or a larger scale operation. This decision will help you plan the size of your pond, the number of fingerlings to purchase, and the equipment needed.

If you’re planning on setting up a backyard tilapia farm, then you’ll need a smaller pond that can fit in your backyard. The size of your pond will depend on how many fish you plan on farming and how much space you have available. You’ll also need to consider the type of equipment that will be needed for this type of operation.

On the other hand, if you’re planning on setting up a larger scale operation, then you’ll need a bigger pond and more equipment. You may also need to hire additional staff members to help with the day-to-day operations.

Choose a Suitable System

Once you’ve determined your farming situation, it’s time to choose a suitable system for growing your tilapia. There are several different systems that can be used including grow beds, suspended nets, or a combination of both.

Grow beds are an excellent choice for those who want an easy-to-maintain system that doesn’t require much attention. These systems use gravel or other materials as a substrate for growing plants which helps filter out waste products from the water.

Suspended nets are another popular choice for growing tilapia. These systems use floating nets that are suspended in water which allows fish waste products to fall through while keeping the fish contained within the netting.

red tilapiaA swirl trap can also be used in conjunction with these systems to remove solid waste from the pond. Swirl traps work by creating circular currents in the water which causes solids such as uneaten food and feces to settle at the bottom where they can be removed easily.

A drum filter can also be added to remove finer particles and improve water quality. These filters work by using a rotating drum that filters out small particles such as algae and other debris.

Monitor Growth and Harvest Size

Once you’ve set up your system, it’s important to monitor the growth rate of your tilapia regularly. You should measure their length and weight on a regular basis to ensure that they are growing properly.

Harvest size will depend on your budget and the time it takes for the fish to reach maturity, which can take up to 6 months or more depending on the day-to-day temperature and other environmental factors such as pH level, oxygen meter, etc.

It’s important to keep in mind that slow growth is often better than fast growth when it comes to raising tilapia. Slow-growing fish tend to have better flavor and texture than those that grow quickly.

The Role of Light in Tilapia Farming

Light is a crucial factor in tilapia farming as it plays a significant role in the fish’s behavior, growth, and reproduction. Proper management of light can lead to higher yields and healthier tilapia in a farming operation.

Consistent Light Source for Circadian Rhythm

Tilapia, like other animals, have circadian rhythms that are regulated by light. A consistent light source is necessary to maintain their circadian rhythm and promote healthy feeding habits. Inadequate lighting can disrupt their natural feeding patterns and cause stress, leading to poor growth rates and increased susceptibility to diseases.

The ideal lighting conditions for tilapia farming depend on the species being farmed. Some tilapias require 12-14 hours of light per day, while Mozambique tilapia requires 10-12 hours of light per day. Providing the appropriate amount of light can improve growth rates and reduce mortality rates.

Ultraviolet Sterilizers for Algae Control

Algae growth is a common problem in aquaculture systems as it can deplete oxygen levels and create an unfavorable environment for fish. Ultraviolet sterilizers are commonly used in tilapia farming to control algae growth and improve water quality.

However, ultraviolet sterilizers can also affect the fish’s sensitivity to light. Overexposure to ultraviolet radiation can damage the fish’s eyesight and cause stress, leading to poor health outcomes.

Proper Management of Light and Ultraviolet Sterilizers

To maximize yield and ensure healthy fish, proper management of both lighting conditions and ultraviolet sterilizers is essential. The use of timers or automated systems can help maintain consistent lighting conditions throughout the day without human intervention.

It is also important to monitor water quality regularly when using sterilizers as they may not be effective against all types of algae. If excessive algae growth persists despite using an ultraviolet sterilizer, alternative methods such as chemical treatments may be necessary.

Commercial Tilapia Farming of Nile Tilapia In Other Countries

Nile tilapia is the most commonly farmed species of tilapia worldwide, with major producers including China, Egypt, and Indonesia. Each country has its own unique approach to farming Nile tilapia for commercial purposes.

China is currently the largest producer of farmed tilapia in the world, accounting for over 60 percent of global production. Chinese cultivators have developed a variety of techniques to increase production, such as using new water sources and exchanging breeding stock with other countries. In addition, many Chinese farms have adopted advanced technologies to monitor water quality and fish health.

Egypt is another major producer of Nile tilapia. Egyptian cultivators typically rely on natural ponds or earthen ponds for tilapia farming. These ponds are often located near the Nile River or other bodies of water that provide a consistent source of fresh water. Some Egyptian farms also use recirculating aquaculture systems (RAS) to maintain optimal water quality and reduce waste.

Indonesia is a relatively small producer of farmed tilapia compared to China and Egypt but has been increasing its production in recent years. Indonesian raisers typically breed their fish in concrete tanks or earthen ponds using locally sourced feeds and fertilizers.

Despite these various approaches the tilapia farming of Nile tilapia, commercial farming can still present challenges for growers. One significant issue is disease outbreaks and parasite infestations, which can lead to significant losses for farmers if not managed properly.

To combat these issues, some raisers have turned to alternative methods such as integrated pest management (IPM) techniques or vaccination programs. IPM involves using natural predators or parasites to control pests instead of relying on chemical treatments. Vaccination programs involve administering vaccines to fish before they are exposed to potential diseases.

Despite these challenges, the global production of farmed tilapia has increased by over 200 percent in the past 20 years. Some farms produce up to 20,000 pounds of fish at a time for export purposes.

In addition to the challenges of disease and parasite management, commercial tilapia farming also presents environmental concerns. High-density fish populations can lead to increased waste and nutrient pollution in surrounding waterways.

To address these issues, some growers have turned to sustainable aquaculture practices such as using natural feeds or implementing closed-loop systems that recycle water and nutrients. These practices not only benefit the environment but can also improve the quality and taste of the fish produced.

Key Points About Tilapia Farming

Proper Nutrition is Crucial in Tilapia Farming

One of the most important aspects of tilapia farming is proper nutrition. Providing a balanced diet for the fish is crucial to ensure optimal growth and health. Commercial feeds or locally available ingredients can be used to provide the necessary nutrients for tilapia.

Important point: The Nutritional Requirements For Tilapia Farming

Tilapia requires a diet that contains protein, fat, carbohydrates, vitamins, and minerals. The amount of each nutrient required varies depending on the size and age of the fish. Younger fish require more protein than older ones.

Protein is essential for muscle development and growth in tilapia. It should make up at least 30% of their diet. Fat provides energy for the fish and helps with nutrient absorption. Carbohydrates are also an important source of energy.

Tilapia also requires vitamins such as A, D, E, and K for various functions such as bone development, vision, and immune system support. Minerals like calcium and phosphorus are necessary for bone formation and other physiological processes.

Point: Commercial Feeds vs Locally Available Ingredients

Commercial feeds are readily available in most areas where tilapia farming is practiced. These feeds contain all the necessary nutrients in the right proportions to meet the nutritional requirements of tilapia.

However, commercial feeds can be expensive, especially if they have to be imported from other countries. In some cases, cultivators may opt to use locally available ingredients such as rice bran or soybean meal to formulate their own feed.

While this approach can save costs, it requires knowledge about feed formulation and careful monitoring to ensure that all necessary nutrients are present in sufficient quantities.

Important point: Tilapia Farming Feeding Practices

In addition to providing a balanced diet for tilapia, feeding practices also play a role in their growth and health. Overfeeding can lead to poor water quality due to excess food waste which can cause disease outbreaks among other problems.

Underfeeding, on the other hand, can lead to stunted growth and poor health. It is important to feed tilapia the right amount of food at the right time.

Point: Disease Prevention and Management

Disease prevention and management are essential in tilapia farming. Regular monitoring, biosecurity measures, and prompt treatment of sick fish can help prevent disease outbreaks and minimize losses.

Important point: Biosecurity Measures

Biosecurity measures such as disinfection of equipment, quarantine of new fish, and limiting access to the farm can help prevent the introduction of diseases into a tilapia farm. Farmers should also avoid introducing wild fish or other aquatic animals into their ponds or tanks.

Point: Common Tilapia farming Diseases

Tilapia are susceptible to various diseases such as bacterial infections, parasitic infestations, and fungal diseases. Symptoms include lethargy, loss of appetite, discoloration, and abnormal swimming behavior.

Prompt treatment with appropriate medication is necessary to prevent the spread of disease among the fish population. In some cases, it may be necessary to cull infected fish to prevent further spread.

Important point: Market Demand and Pricing Strategies

Market demand and pricing are critical factors to consider in tilapia farming. Identifying potential buyers and understanding market trends can help raisers make informed decisions about production levels and pricing strategies.

Point: Domestic vs Export Markets

In some countries where tilapia farming is practiced, there may be a strong domestic market for fresh or processed tilapia products. In other cases, cultivators may focus on exporting their products to international markets where demand is high.

It is important for farmers to understand both domestic and export markets before deciding on production levels or pricing strategies.

Tilapia Fish Farming Biofloc

Biofloc technology is a sustainable and cost-effective way to farm tilapia as a food fish. It involves creating a dense community of microorganisms in the water that serve as a natural bio filter, converting waste into protein-rich feed for the fish. This innovative method of tilapia farming is gaining popularity due to its numerous benefits.

One of the most significant advantages of using biofloc technology in tilapia farming is its ability to maintain water quality. The biological filter created by the biofloc system helps maintain water quality and reduce the need for water exchange, which can save on resources and reduce environmental impact. This makes it an attractive option for tilapia cultivators looking to improve their sustainability practices.

To implement biofloc technology in tilapia farming, farmers need to carefully manage factors like pH, dissolved oxygen levels, and nutrient balance in the water. They also need to monitor the growth of the biofloc community and adjust feeding rates accordingly to ensure optimal conditions for both the microorganisms and the fish.

The use of biofilters has been shown to be effective in maintaining good water quality when used correctly. In one study conducted by researchers at Auburn University, they found that using biofilters resulted in better survival rates among juvenile Nile Tilapia than those raised without them.

Another advantage of using biofloc technology is that it can help reduce feed costs. The microorganisms present in the biofilter convert waste into protein-rich feed for the fish, reducing reliance on expensive commercial feeds. This can result in significant savings for farmers while still providing adequate nutrition for their stock.

In addition to being cost-effective, using biofloc technology can also increase production efficiency. By maintaining optimal water conditions through careful management of pH levels, dissolved oxygen levels, and nutrient balance, farmers can achieve higher stocking densities without compromising fish health or welfare.

Furthermore, because this method relies on natural processes rather than chemical inputs or antibiotics, it is considered more environmentally friendly. This can be a significant factor for consumers who are increasingly concerned about the environmental impact of their food choices.

However, implementing biofloc technology in tilapia farming requires careful planning and management. Farmers need to ensure that they have adequate knowledge and resources to manage the system effectively. They also need to be aware of potential risks associated with this method, such as disease outbreaks or fluctuations in water quality.

Despite these challenges, many tilapia raisers are embracing biofloc technology as a way to improve their sustainability practices while still maintaining profitability. As more research is conducted on this innovative method of fish farming, it is likely that we will see even more widespread adoption of biofloc technology in the future.

Tilapia Farming in tanks

In conclusion, tilapia farming in tanks or other operations can be a lucrative business for those who are willing to put in the time and effort required. By understanding the basics of water quality, temperature, and oxygen, as well as the five essential needs of tilapia such as food, light, and room to swim, raisers can create an optimal environment for their fish to thrive.

One advantage of tilapia farming different types for aquaponics is that it allows farmers to diversify their production and increase their revenue streams. Additionally, understanding the optimal temperature for tilapia farming is crucial for maintaining healthy fish populations.

Feeding tilapia requires careful attention to their dietary needs and ensuring that they receive enough nutrients without overfeeding them. Setting up a small-scale tilapia farm can be done with relatively low startup costs by using aquaculture systems such as floating rafts.

Commercial tilapia farming of Nile Tilapia is popular in many countries due to its high demand in the market. However, it is important for farmers to consider the environmental impact of their operations and ensure that they are not contributing to pollution through excessive use of antibiotics or improper disposal of waste such as tilapia poop.

Overall, successful tilapia farming production requires a deep understanding of aquaculture principles and best practices. Farmers must also stay up-to-date on industry trends and regulations in order to remain competitive in the market.

If you like this article, you can also read: The Ultimate Guide to Cooking Tilapia: Delicious Methods and Recipes


tilapia ProLeonardo A. Flórez es un experto y entusiasta de la tilapia nacido en Puebla, México. Posee su propia granja de tilapias en Puebla y actualmente reside en Florida. Dedicado a la investigación y el desarrollo de métodos de cultivo sostenibles, Leonardo comparte sus conocimientos y pasión en Tilapia.Pro.

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